Preventive and Emergency Care for Senior Pets

senior pets: cat and dog

With good care and attention, our pets are living longer lives. As they become seniors — most dogs and cats over age seven are considered senior pets — they need closer attention to health problems.

Preventive Care for the Senior Dog and Cat

As our pets get older, they may need more visits to the vet for preventive care. They will need particular attention to dental care, weight checks, and some blood work; this is to check for common medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease.

For many dogs, weight gain as they get older — and for cats, weight loss with age — can be a sign that something else is wrong. Arthritis pain, for example, may limit walks and play time. Pets may become more sensitive to the food they eat, and may need softer and more nutrient dense food. Indoor dogs may need more frequent, but shorter walks and bathroom breaks. Even a healthy older pet may sleep more and seem more easily confused.

Changes and Adjustment

Good nutrition can keep our senior pets healthy; but even so, some health problems are common with age. Many pets develop hearing and vision problems. Dogs, especially, may have both decreased generalized hearing and increased sensitivity to loud, piercing noises (like alarms or sirens). You may notice that vision is beginning to cloud over with cataracts. But hearing and vision problems can usually be managed with small changes in the environment. Pets with poor eyesight manage to move around familiar spaces with little difficulty. Some pet owners find that small adjustments, such as touching the dog on the head while speaking his name, are effective. Change is more difficult for seniors, so moving furniture around or taking trips to new places may be disorienting. In many cases, introducing a new puppy or kitten into the family can be a difficult adjustment; seniors often need more quiet and rest.

The AVMA recommends that senior pets get semi-annual health checks, so health problems common in seniors can be identified and treated early. They also may have different needs for immunizations, dental care, and diet.

Arthritis and Pain

Larger dogs are especially prone to arthritis as they get older. The pain and stiffness may cause dogs to not want to play or walk as much; they can seem depressed and irritable. They may be sensitive to being petted over the arthritic joint, sleep more, and not want to walk up stairs or jump up on chairs or into the car.  There are many therapies and treatments for arthritis in senior pets, including some holistic and natural methods, environmental changes, and medications for pain and inflammation. Many senior pets with arthritis will have improved quality of life with treatment for pain and inflammation.

Medications include over-the-counter Omega 3 fatty acids and glucosamine chondroitin supplements, as well as prescription NSAIDS- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain medications. Similar to human varieties such as naproxen, the medications for pets are specifically formulated for dogs and cats. Pets should never be given human NSAIDS such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen. These human drugs can be toxic to pets. In addition there are some orthopedic devices that can make life easier for a pet with arthritis, such as raised feeding platforms and raised beds.

Arthritis can be progressive and increasingly painful over time, so the vet will make a treatment plan that is design to slow the progression of the disease and treat pain. The goal is always to allow a senior pet to enjoy the best quality life.

Can Senior Pets Develop Senility?

Just like with people, as pets get older, they can develop both mild and more severe types of senility, called cognitive dysfunction. Many times pet owners start noticing changes in behavior, such as being less responsive to human company, wandering, repetitive activity or increased anxiety, no longer following commands, or having accidents in the house. The vet will rule out other causes of the behavior change, such as pain, urinary tract infection, or a change in the family such as a new pet. If behavior signs and the exam suggest senility, there are both over the counter and prescription medicines that can help control the symptoms and make sure your pet is enjoying good quality of life.

What about Heart Disease?

Heart disease is very common in both humans and pets as we get older. We may see weight loss, lack of energy, increased sleeping, and shortness of breath and coughing. Good nutrition and especially managing weight is critical to both prevention and treatment of heart conditions. There are many treatments for heart disease available to vets. A sudden change in weight, with shortness of breath or cough, needs to be evaluated quickly.

What are the Signs of Cancer?

Cancer is senior pets is closely related to age; over the age of ten, the rate of cancer increases. Senior pets who show signs of weight loss, trouble urinating or defecating, decreased appetite, shortness of breath, or unexplained pain should be seen by the vet. A limp, or favoring one limb, or a change in gait, or ability to walk, should be evaluated quickly. While arthritis may be the more common cause, a more serious diagnosis is also possible. There are new treatments being developed for cancer in pets.

What About Quality of Life?

It is very important to both pet owners and to veterinary staff that animals enjoy a good quality of life. Quality of Life scales are used to determine if the pet’s basic needs can still be met, despite advancing age and illness. Examples of the issues evaluated on the Quality of Life index are pain control, ease of breathing, mobility and generalized weakness. Vets evaluate if animals can eat, drink, and go to the bathroom. In addition, happiness, and the number of good days and bad days are examined. The AVMA uses this HHHHMM scale to evaluate quality of life.

With extreme old age, many pets develop generalized weakness. When a senior pet has trouble getting out of bed and walking, or collapses with walking, it is important to allow the vet to examine your pet. There may be a treatable cause of the weakness. If the vet determines, after an exam and talking to you, that the collapse and weakness is a sign of extreme old age, or if your pet has intractable pain that is failing treatment, quality of life will need to be evaluated.

We can offer care for your senior pet. Please contact us for an appointment.

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Google Reviews
Brandon Silverthorn
Brandon Silverthorn
posted 2 weeks ago

The entire staff is friendly, professional and genuinely care about the animals and their needs. They provide a clean environment, free of clutter. The animals being boarded seem comfortable and safe. The dogs are separated from the cats.The equipment is up-to-date. They offer payment options, and have an app! WHAT MORE COULD YOU ASK FOR?

Katie McCrea
Katie McCrea
posted 4 weeks ago

This was my first visit and I had a sick little dog who needed to be seen on a Sunday, when his normal vet is closed. Dr. Jake took really good care of him and was very understanding when my dog tried to eat him. The women running the front counter were extremely kind and friendly and treated us like we’ve been coming there for years. Definitely a great experience and my dog is feeling so much better!

Blake Hillard
Blake Hillard
posted 5 days ago

My Pomeranian pup broke his hind leg and no vet in my area was confident in their ability to do the surgery required to help him. I stumble across Tipp City Veterinary Hospital on google and called them, they got my baby in ASAP and after taking new xrays proceeded with the surgery. They did it that same day almost immediately and he was back home the same night. They were very helpful, friendly and informative. I highly recommend them for anything you may need for your pet and they’re prices are reasonable too.

Valerie Barnhart
Valerie Barnhart
posted 3 weeks ago

I had to have my 15 year old dog put down on a Saturday afternoon. They were not my regular vet, but my vet had closed at noon and I didn't feel I could wait until Monday. They scheduled a time for me to come in and when we arrived they had a room ready so we did not have to sit in the waiting room. The staff was so kind and caring. They brought a small plate with all kinds of little goodies for my beloved dog. After she passed they made a clay foot print on clay with her name and heart on it. They were so kind to bring her to my car and they hugged me and cried with me and told me how sorrythey were for my loss. They also sent a beautiful card signed by the staff with caring messages. I would recommend them to anyone. I was so impressed and forever grateful for being so kind during my loss.

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